Today you can learn how to independently build brick walls and build a house. If you carefully study the technology of brickwork of walls, then at first glance, it will seem that this is a very time-consuming process, which is better to entrust to professionals. You should hire Sigma Builders inc but if you entrust this work to the masters of their craft, you will have to pay a considerable amount. Suppose you familiarize yourself with the step-by-step execution of the work and follow the step-by-step instructions. In that case, you can independently master the technology of brickwork of the outer walls.
Compliance with masonry standards allows you to get a monolithic and durable structure. Consider the main types of brickwork:
It has been gaining more and more popularity and has become a leader in the cladding of external walls of buildings. Let’s give a common example: the wall of the outer side of the building is made in three rows (spoon), which are bridged by one butt row. It is more expedient to work with bricks of different brands with such a laying. There are more than ten varieties of masonry options. Masonry and cladding. It is carried out simultaneously when the wall is being erected. The banding of the row and the laying itself are performed exclusively at the level of the butt row.
In addition, there are several dozen more types of brickwork. It is worth highlighting the chain masonry, which means alternating rows. The row can be either spoon or butt, and the seams must converge. Cross masonry implies laying seams horizontally in a bandage with a spoon.
In addition, it is worth paying attention to the so-called “Dutch” brickwork, where the alternation of butt and mixed rows is performed, and in a mixed row, bricks must be laid after one.
When mixed masonry is performed, this type is called “Gothic.” Among such a variety of technology for masonry walls, it is worth highlighting the most acceptable and economical option – a well, when two walls are erected in half a brick, and the connection between them is made in two options – a vertical or horizontal bridge. The following options for laying bricks can be distinguished – well or lightweight to save building material.
Thanks to this technology, the air gap between two walls is filled with inexpensive heat-insulating materials (mineral wool or building felt). This method of laying the wall simultaneously allows you to achieve good heat retention rates – about 35%. And if you fill the space with foam, then the heat-shielding properties can be increased up to 50%.
Types of suture dressing Since the main condition for the masonry of load-bearing walls is to create the strength of the structure, then the rules for the distribution of the main load – the dressing scheme – must be observed. This rule also applies to the brickwork of interior walls.
This is the oldest method of laying, where vertical seams are tied one after the other in each row. To adhere to such a scheme, it is necessary to alternate two types of brickwork (spoon and butt), and the bottom seam should be closed by two lengths.
A similar method of dressing the seams is that the seams are closed asymmetrically. According to the spoon pattern, the seams should be closed in half of the long part of the brick. For the construction of walls in one-story buildings, you can resort to a simplified version of the laying scheme – a multi-row scheme. According to the rules, every 3 or 6 rows, a complete dressing of the seams (transverse or longitudinal) is performed.
A popular masonry method in one-story houses is the alternation of five spoon rows with one butt. The brickwork of walls photo: Modern construction distinguishes three types of bricks: Single. One-and-a-half. Double. The first version of the brick was popular in the last century. Subsequently, the demand for the first type of building material gradually decreased. Since the price of brickwork of walls is considered high, it is better to remove external walls from double or one-and-a-half bricks to save.
For example, if you plan to lay a wall of 2.5 bricks, then a good option is to use a double brick for laying the wall and facing in half a brick. If you use a single brick to construct the same volumes, then the costs will increase by 20-35%. In addition, you should pay attention to the physical properties of the brick, namely, its thermal conductivity. If you use hollow bricks, you can reduce costs. But it should be borne in mind that it is not always possible to use such material to construct a load-bearing wall. If it is necessary to get a beautiful appearance during the construction of a building, then when buying a brick, you should pay attention to this. The building material must be even, without cracks and chips. In addition, the wall’s strength will depend not only on the type of masonry and the type of brick but also on the cement mortar.
Brickwork walls with your own hands Before working on the construction of walls, decide on the number of building materials. You need to immediately decide how thick the brickwork of the walls will be. If the decision is made to lay a brick in 1 brick, then presumably, the thickness of the wall will be 25 cm. In addition, you can build a wall of different bricks: white or red. The consumption of building material is determined based on the thickness of the masonry. On average, about 55 bricks will be consumed per 1 m2
Before proceeding with the laying of external and internal walls, it is imperative to ensure that the foundation on which the installation is carried out meets all the requirements in terms of stability and rigidity. The waterproofing must also have a holistic structure.